PNC Position Statements

Title
Date
The Role of Nuclear Energy in Meeting Regional Energy Needs and Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions - full text 2001
Urging Enhanced Cooperation to Combat Terrorism - full text 2001

Enhanced Cooperation among Pacific Neighbors on Research and Deployment of Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems - full text

2005
Program of Action for Cancer Therapy - full text 2007

 


The Role of Nuclear Energy in Meeting Regional Energy Needs and Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions

The countries of the Pacific Basin represent well over one-third of the world's population. Their economies are growing rapidly. Growth will continue in the industrialized countries of the region with further improvement in the quality of life of their citizens. The much more dramatic economic growth in the populous developing countries of the region is forecast to continue. This will require an enormous increase in energy needs to sustain this economic expansion and to bring the quality of life closer to that in the industrialized countries. Overall, energy requirements in the Pacific Basin will increase dramatically in the coming decades.

The most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded not only that human activity is contributing to global warning, but that the warming could be occurring more rapidly than previously estimated.

As the nations of the Pacific Basin expand their energy supplies to meet their growing needs, they must employ all sustainable energy sources that do not generate greenhouse gases if they are to mitigate the impact of their growth on global warming.

Nuclear energy is a safe, secure, reliable, sustainable, environmentally friendly source of electric power. It does not emit greenhouse gases. It can provide a virtually carbon-free source of electric power for many centuries. The Pacific Nuclear Council strongly believes that if the goals for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are to be met, a full utilization of nuclear energy must be a significant contributor to the region=s future energy mix.

The Pacific Nuclear Council, representing professional nuclear societies and associations of nations in the Pacific Basin, strongly believes that nuclear energy must be a part of the Clean Development Mechanism and the overall approach to management of greenhouse gases to mitigate global warming.

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Urging Enhanced Cooperation to Combat Terrorism

The Pacific Nuclear Council, an organization of Pacific Basin nuclear societies and associations representing nuclear scientists and engineers from those countries, expresses its sincere condolences to the relatives of the victims of the inhuman and unjustified terrorist actions of September 11, 2001, in New York, Pennsylvania and Washington, DC. These actions showed the great danger to civilization posed by terrorist groups.

The PNC supports the need for a concerted effort to eliminate the dangers to all people of the world posed by such terrorist groups. It will assist this effort by recommending that its member organizations make their technical expertise available to their respective national authoraties to contain and eliminate the dangers that these terrorist groups represent.

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Enhanced Cooperation among Pacific Neighbors on Research and Deployment of Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems

Nuclear energy is a major contri5butor to the energy supply, economic stability, environmental choices and power options for the Pacific Basin.

New nuclear units are expected to be committed over the next 5 years among the PNC Members and associated Pacific Rim countries, and an increasing number after that.

Nuclear energy is expected to be a growing component of the Pacific Basin energy mix, to be extended into new countries, and to be further developed by many others.

As present nuclear plants are safe, licensable, and have efficient operation, new designs and builds are expected to have the attributes of maintaining or improving the competitive position, particularly with respect to energy options and alternates in the Region.
Based on the excellent performance and safety record of existing nuclear power plants, and societal expectations for improved competitiveness and sustainability, Next Generation and Advanced power plants are expected to demonstrate:

  • Enhanced competitiveness
  • Improved sustainability
  • Reduced waste streams
  • Increased safety
  • Proliferation resistance

Advanced and Next Generation Systems (ANGS) are expected to be relatively cheaper, safer, and environmentally friendly, and have a performance and operation that is superior. The systems are expected to be so-called Generation III+ (evolutions of and advances from today’s designs) for the short-term deployment from 2005-2020. More advanced and somewhat more development is required for so-called Generation IV concepts, for deployment post 2020.

The time is now right for enhanced actions and cooperation, given the needs for global security of energy supply, lower energy costs, regional economic growth, and the emergence of global environmental issues that require regional solutions, technical innovation and political resolve.

It is proposed that, given the importance of this power source to the Pacific Basin, and globally:

    • The environmental, energy and economic stability advantages of nuclear power be promoted throughout the Pacific Rim
    • The large support for and planned expansion of nuclear energy in the Region be used as a base for enhanced collaboration, exchange and further dialog among the Pacific Rim nations. Periodic exchanges of directions, advances, plans and progress are especially encouraged.
    • The Goals of increased safety, enhanced performance, improved competitiveness, reduced waste, and proliferation resistance provide opportunities for shared efforts among individual countries.
    • Support for R&D on advanced nuclear technology be encouraged by all governments with an interest in sustainable energy and low emissions energy sources.
    • The needed investments in long term R&D are justified on the basis of the future energy needs and socio-economic opportunities in the Pacific Basin Region.
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The International Atomic Energy Agency Program of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT)
    • Recognizing the impending crisis with respect to incidence of cancer and that by 2020 it is expected that cancer could kill over 10 million people per year if action is not taken,

    • Recognizing that the fastest growing incidence of cancer is among the population of developing countries,

    • Recognizing that many lives could be saved by a combination of screening and treatment,

    • Recognizing that nuclear technology in the form of nuclear radiation and oncology is an available and effective method of diagnosis and treatment for many types of cancer (1), and

    • Recognizing that there is currently an extreme shortage of radiation therapy availability within the developing countries,

The Pacific Nuclear Council strongly supports the purpose of the IAEA Program of Action for Cancer Therapy – to respond effectively to the crises posed by the increase in cancer in developing countries. PNC also strongly supports implementation of the PACT Program to make available the human, technical and regulatory resources needed to establish, improve, and expand radiotherapy treatment programs in the developing world within a broad, multidisciplinary cancer capacity building program. This program will complement and enhance treatment investment with support for cancer policy and advocacy, epidemiology, prevention, early detection/diagnosis, palliation and society building, and

The Pacific Nuclear Council urges our member organizations to also support PACT by bringing the importance of this program to the attention of their members, and by urging their members to consider ways of assisting the IAEA in resourcing this program.
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(1 ) “Nuclear oncology” involves nuclear medicine techniques that employ unsealed or liquid radioactive materials in the diagnosis or treatment of cancer. “Radiation oncology” involves treating cancer by radiotherapy through external beam or brachytherapy.

Approved by the Pacific Nuclear Council on June 23, 2007

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